Colleague in the Roman mythology of the Wine God Dionysus in the Greek mythology. It represents only cheer different from Dionysus.


The wines which are not dominated by a single component and characteristics of which are harmonized are considered as balanced. Acid balances sugar; fruit balances oak-like taste and tannin and alcohol balance acid and taste. If none of these tastes become prominent clearly, the wine is balanced.


The name used for campaign bottles of 12 liters. Balthazar is the last emperor of Babel. Balthazars power is believed to end since he drunk beverage with the holy bowl stolen by Nabukadnezar from Jerusalem Temple.


Wooden containers used at the fermentation or relaxation stage in wine production.


A measure which is generally used when defining solid matter percentage in solutions. It is used for expressing sugar percentage in winemaking. Baume is expressed by degree and a baume degree is sugar percentage nearly 2 grams in 100 grams.


The region located on the south of Bourgogne Region in France and light, fruit aromatic, young red wine produced from Gamay grapes there. These wines are produced in the year when grapes are harvested and in a short time. For this end, sometimes, all wines produced are called as Beaujolais without considering place of production.


A small town which is known with its red wines produced from Pinot Noir grapes in Bourgogne wine region. It consists of the center and 16 surrounding villages.


Sweet, rich, golden, German sweet wine made from much matured Riesling grapes. It means selected and picked in German.


German wine made from the grapes picked from different villages and vineyards. It is one of the region concepts defined in 1971 German Wine Law. If Bereich X is written on a wine, it may not be said that this wine is very exciting.


It is used for big, red or white wines containing rich and intensive tastes. Big red ones are sometimes with tannin and big white ones generally contain high alcohol.


It is used for the wines which leave a biting effect on the palate due to high alcohol. It is acceptable only in Portuguese style wines. It is considered as a defect in others.


It is one of the four basic tastes in wine. It is noticed in such wines containing immature fruit aromas and many grains. If there is a prominent bitter taste in the wine, the wine is considered as faulty.

Blanc de Blancs:

This term which means White of whites is used for white wines and sparkling wines made from white grapes. This term is important especially for sparkling wines because sparkling wines are not made from red grapes but only from Chardonnay.

Blanc de Noirs:

This term which is used in the meaning of White of blacks is used for white or rose wines made from black grapes. In addition, this phrase has a special meaning in Champagne region. This phrase is used for sparkling wines made only from Pinot Noir and Melanier grapes.


It is considered as a defect when appearance of the wine is controlled. It is generally a negativity indicator. It may indicate protein instability in old wines which are sedimented characteristically. Young wines having spoilt yeast or re-fermented in the bottle may also be blurred.


An English term which is used for rose especially produced in US. It has been started to be used frequently after California roses became famous at the end of 1980s it was used for these wines instead of the French phrase Vin Gris. It has no substantial difference from rose. They are white wines made from black grapes. Its distinctive and first example is White Zinfandel and also named as Blanc de Noirs (White of Blacks) with the wines such as White Grenache, Cabernet Blanc, Merlot Blanc, Blanc de Pinot Noirs. Most of these wines are sweet and slightly aromatic wines.


A kind of white grape used in production of its wine in Madeira.


Density left by the wine on the palate and continuance time. Wines are determined as full, middle and light bodied.


A grape for making red wine which is middle sized, round with thick peeled grains. It takes its name from the tanning sense it leaves on the palate. It is grown in Diyarbakir and surroundings. It is used as coupage (mixture of grapes) in Terra Okuzgozu-Bogazkere and Buzbag and alone in Terra-Bogazkere. It has wines having cherry, black cherry, blackberry, black mulberry, thyme, spice flavors suitable for ageing.


City on the southwest of France and main production area located on both sides of the rivers Goranne and Dordogne and most famous and long-life wines of the world made from some grapes including Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc grown in that area. There are nearly 7000 castles producing wine in the area. Bordeaux which has an important place in development of the French winemaking is the first place where the French wines have been classified depending on their qualities in 1855. The name Bordeaux used in Turkish for red color approaching to Bordeaux, wine red also comes from this city. Red Bordeaux is known as Claret in Britain. The most significant of 50 appellations available in this area is Bordeaux AC. Bordeaux producing high quality and expensive wines has a share greater than other French wine areas. Weather conditions of the area generally having a warm climate allow production of good wine. Grapes have not frozen for many years in the area affected by convenient air streams due to its closeness to Atlantic and heated by gulf stream.

Botrytis cinerea:

Mold which is also called as permanent mold and caused by mushrooms in such grapes with overdue harvest period in general. Its natural sugar in the grape becomes dense. See Permanent Mold.


Deterioration of wine as a result of taking air due to defective mushroom. The British call it as corked.


Secondary and tertiary flavors which occur during fermentation and oak treatment of the wine and then during ageing in the bottle.


The main region starting from 100km south from Paris and spreading between Dijon and Lyon. The British call Bourgogne as Burgundy. The region is called as Burgonya in Turkish.


The English name for high quality wines made by using the best kinds of grape.


It is used for such wines with clean appearance and without doubtful substance or appearance. It has not always a positive meaning. High filtration process may sometimes be considered to cause loss of taste.


One of the units used in measurement of sugar percentage contained by grape and wine. It is generally used to express g/100 g when expressing sugar percentage in solutions.


Kind of grape grown in the town Montalcino located on the south of Toscana in Italy. Full bodied, rich, strong red wine kind produced from these grapes is considered one of the youngest prestigious wines in Italy.


It is used in the meaning of neat in sparkling wine industry. Technically, brut sparkling wine must contain sugar less than 15g/l. Wines containing sugar less than 6g/l are qualified as Extra Brut. Neat wines may also be labeled as brut nature. This term is used as bruto in Portuguese.


A definition used for spoilt wines affected by mushroom infection.


It is used to express aromas like melted butter. Its odor and taste are felt more in white wines such as Chardonnay aged in oak in particular.